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Deserts

About the Region

The desert is an intense region, with summer temperatures exceeding 120 degrees Fahrenheit (about 49 Celsius) even in shady areas, and in winter the temperatures can drop below freezing. The sands can often form dunes higher than 500 feet.

While there isn't any fertile soil for plants to grow from, there can be occasional clusters of tough grass and small shrubs. These clusters are supported by underground water called aquafers, and provide food for animals such as camels, goats, or sheep.

How You Can Adapt

While the temperatures are extreme, there are certain types of clothing that can make it more bearable. First, you can wear a ghutra, which is a covering for your head and neck. You can also wear a thawb, a light coloured ankle length gown.

The best place to sleep in the desert is inside of a dark goat hair tent. Their dark colour traps sunlight during the scorching day, and releases it during the chilly night.

Another good thing to have in the desert is a camel. They are a very good form of transportation, since their wide feet don't sink into the sand. They also can go very long without water, and have membranes over their eyes to keep sand out. They can even close their nostrils in case of a sand storm.

Oases

About the Region

An oasis is a piece of fertile land surrounded by desert. In the Arabian Peninsula, Summers get so hot that most of the water evaporates; but when it doesn't, it ends up sinking into underground channels.

People settle in these oases and rely on wells and springs to trap underground water. This water makes it possible to grow crops. Some plants that grow in the region are date palms, apricots, peaches, citrus, wheat, alfalfa, pomegranates, figs, and the gum resins of trees.

How You Can Adapt

Date palms are a very useful resource for adapting to an oasis. Their trunks can be used for firewood or for building, as well as hollowed out to carry water. The leaves can be used as roofing, and the fibers can be used to create rope.

Coastal Plains

About the Region

A coastal plain is flat land that runs along a coast. It marks a border between a plateau and the ocean. The long, thin coastal plain of the Arabian Peninsula is quite humid compared to the interior region because of its closeness to the sea, so the coastal plain region has most of the cultivated land of the Arabian Peninsula.

The agriculture of the region is large and varied, more so than any other; it includes grains, fruits, and coffee. The coastal plain region also contains a great majority of the trading ports and cities that have connected it with the rest of Asia and Africa for 3000 years.

How You Can Adapt

The coastal plains are not really something you need to adapt to, since they have many resources already. The proximity to the ocean provides more rain, which makes crops easier to grow. You can also make a boat and easily access other places over the sea for trade.

Mountains

About the Region

Mountains run along the Arabian Peninsula's coast around 50 miles from the sea. These mountains catch the little bit of moisture that gets carried by the winds that move across the Arabian Peninsula, so their climate greatly differs from that of the interior basin.

During the majority of the year, the region is balmy in the day and clear at night. Heavy downpours and flash floods happen often at the rainy season's peak. In the winter, it only snows occasionally. The coastal mountains in the northern and western areas have steep slopes on both the seaside and the interior side, causing survival to be hard work for everything other than the wild goats. In the southern and western regions, the mountains are full of juniper forests strewn between sharp rocks and steep slopes.

How You Can Adapt

People who lived in the mountains needed some way to make their crops thrive, but how could they do so when all the water would run down the mountain? These people soon figured out they could create their own flat land, called a terrace. These terraces collected rainwater as it fell,


Made by: L. V. Lee